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Dr. Reed is the principal investigator of the Legal Decision Lab (LDL). LDL's research focuses on applying social-cognitive psychology to understand how people make legal decisions. LDL applies psychology to several areas of legal decisions including:

  • Juries

  • Plea bargaining

  • Policy

  • Attorneys

  • Probation

  • Tax


Note: * Denotes graduate student; ^ denotes undergraduate student

Under Review

Reed, K., *Hanzelin, G., ^Gonzales, R., & Fessinger, M. (under review) What’s in a name? Eponymous policies and public support.

Reed, K., Hans, V.P., Rotenstein, V.N., ^Rodriguez, A., ^McKendall, P., Helm, R.K. & Reyna, V. (under review). Guiding in-person and virtual jury deliberations.

Reyna, V. F., Reed, K., *Meschkow, A. S., ^Calderon, V., & Helm, R. K. (under review). Framing biases undermine the assumption of rational decision making in plea bargaining in those with and without criminal involvement.

In Prep
(Drafts Available)

Reed, K., Helm, R. K., Franz, A., Meschkow, A. S., & Reyna, V. F. (in preparation). Perspectives, processing, and guilty pleas: The relationship between criminal behavior and plea decision-making.

Reed, K., ^Rodriguez, A., & Groscup, J. (in preparation). Hot or not? The role of attorney attractiveness and gender on juror decisions.

*Adair, R., ^Torres, M. F., & Reed, K. (in preparation). The role of defendant gender and PTSD diagnosis in a battered spouse case.


Tizpaz-Niari, S., *Wagner, M. R., Darian, S., Reed, K., & Trivedi, A. (2023). Metamorphic Testing and Debugging of Tax Preparation Software. International Conference on Software Engineering, May 2023 (Melbourne, Australia). Available at:


*Ricardo, M. M., Henderson, C. E., Reed, K., Salami, T. & Drislane, L. (in press). Increasing support for alternatives to incarceration for drug use: Is the Brain Disease Model of Addiction effective? Addiction Research & Theory, 1-7 (ahead of print).

Reed, K., ^Franz, A., ^Calderon, V., *Meschkow, A. S., & Reyna, V. F. (2022). Reported experiences with plea bargaining: A theoretical analysis of the legal standard. West Virginia Law Review, 124, 421-448.

Hans, V. P., Reed, K., Reyna, V. F., Garavito, D. G., & Helm, R. K. (2022). Guiding jurors’ damage award decisions: Experimental investigations of approaches based on theory and practice. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 28(2), 188-212.


Helm, R., Hans, V. P., Reyna, V. F., & Reed, K. (2020). Numeracy in the jury box: The influence of juror numeracy on damage award decisions. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 34(2), 434-448.

Reed, K. (2020). The experience of a legal career. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 16, 385-404.


Reed, K. (2019). Calls for speculation: The influence of attorney objections on juror perceptions. Buffalo Law Review, 67, 53-87.

Reed, K., Hans, V. P., & Reyna, V.F. (2019). Accounting for awards: An examination of juror reasoning behind pain and suffering damage award decisions. Denver Law Review, 96, 841-867.


Reed, K. & Bornstein, B.H. (2018). Objection! Psychological perspectives on jurors’ perceptions of in court attorney objections. South Dakota Law Review, 63, 1-43.


Bornstein, B. H., Golding, J. L. Neuschatz, J., Kimbrough, C., Reed, K., Magyarics, C., & Luecht, K. (2017). Mock juror sampling issues in jury simulation research: A meta-analysis. Law & Human Behavior, 41, 13-28. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000223

Reed, K. & Bornstein, B. H. (2017). Grounds for relief: The implications of attorney distress for the legal system. Nebraska Lawyer, 20, 9-14.


Reed, K., Bornstein, B. H., Jeon, A. B., & Wylie, L. E. (2016). Problem signs in law school: Fostering attorney well-being early in professional training. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 47, 148-156. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2016.02.019


Reed, K., & Bornstein, B.H. (2015). Juries, joinder, and justice. The Jury Expert, 27 (3), 1-7. Retrieved from:

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